Medical Oncology


Medical oncology is the treatment of cancer with anti-cancer drugs (collectively known as chemotherapy) administered intravenously through an IV, via injections, or orally (by mouth). These drugs enter the bloodstream and reach all areas of the body, making this treatment useful for cancer that has metastasized (spread) to other organs prior to detection. 

Several drugs may be given at the same time, or chemotherapy may be given along with surgery according to an individual treatment plan. The length and frequency of treatments depends on a variety of factors, including type of cancer and the drug prescribed. 

Chemotherapy drugs kill cancer cells, but they also damage some normal cells, which may or may not cause side effects (most of which will go away when treatment is over). Depending on the type of drugs used, the amount given, and the length of treatment, some patients may experience these symptoms:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Hair loss
  • Mouth sores
  • Loose stools (diarrhea)
  • A higher risk of infection caused by a shortage of white blood cells
  • Bruising or bleeding after minor cuts or bumps
  • Fatigue or shortness of breath
  • Weakness in the extremities of the body (arms and legs)
At this time, the Texas Cancer Clinic does not offer medical oncology services, but we are currently preparing to add that treatment modality to our continuum of care.


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